Daily Word (2 December 2014)

Natural


| ˈnatʃ(ə)r(ə)l |

Definition

  • adjective
    • existing in or derived from nature; not made or caused by humankind
      • having had a minimum of processing or preservative treatment
      • (of fabric) having a color characteristic of the unbleached and undyed state; off-white
    • in accordance with the nature of, or circumstances surrounding, sb. or sth.
      • [attribute] (of a person) having an innate skill or quality
      • [attribute] (of law or justice) felt instinctively to be morally right and fair
      • (of a skill or quality) coming instinctively to a person; innate
      • (of sb. or their behavior) relaxed and unaffected; spontaneous
      • entirely to be expected
    • [attribute] (of parent and child) related by blood
      •  (chiefly archaic) (of a child) illegitimate
    • (in music) (of a note) not sharp or flat
      • (of a brass instrument) having no valves and able to play only the notes of the harmonic series above a fundamental note
      • relating to the notes and intervals of the harmonic series
    • (in Christianity, theology) relating to earthly human or physical nature as distinct from the spiritual or supernatural realm
    • (in bridge) (of a bid) straightforwardly reflecting one’s holding of cards (often contrasted with conventional or artificial)
  • noun
    • a person having an innate talent for a particular task or activity
    • (in music) a sign ♮ denoting a natural note when a previous sign or the key signature would otherwise demand a sharp or a flat
      • a natural note
      • any of the longer, lower keys on a keyboard instrument that are normally white
    • [mass noun] an off-white color
    • a hand of cards, throw of dice, or other result which wins immediately, in particular:
      • a hand of two cards making 21 in the first deal in blackjack and similar games;
      • a first throw of 7 or 11 at craps
    • (in fishing) an insect or other small creature used as bait, rather than an artificial imitation
    • (archaic) a person born with a learning disability

Etymology

Middle English (“having a certain status by birth”) from Old French, itself from Latin naturalis, from natura (“birth”, “nature”, “quality”).

In Other Languages

  • Bahasa Indonesia: alam, dasar
  • بهاس ملايو:
    • سمولا جادي (semula jadi)
  • Cebuano: natural
  • Deutsch: natürlich
  • Español: naturalnormalinstintivo
  • Filipino: likas
  • Français: naturelinné
  • 한국어: 자연의 (jayeon-ui)
  • Italiano: naturale, spontaneo, genuino
  • ភាសាខ្មែរ: ធម្មជាតិ (thommocheate)
  • Latino: naturalis, innatus
  • မြန်မာဘာသာ: သဘာဝ
  • 日本語: 自然の (しぜんの), 天然の (てんねんの)
  • ພາສາລາວ: ທໍາມະຊາດ (thoamasad)
  • ภาษาไทย: โดยธรรมชาติ (doy ṭhrrmchāti)
  • தமிழ்: இயற்கை (Iyaṟkai)
  • Tiếng Việt: tự nhiêncố nhiên, thiên tư
  • 中文: 自然 (zìrán), 天然 (tiānrán), 固有 (gùyǒu)

 

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